Wednesday, November 27, 2013

Doing a Good Turn Daily

In nearly every town, village, and city of any size or importance, there is at least one individual, and usually groups of individuals, working for the "betterment of society." They are people who take an interest in the people about them and do what they can to improve the conditions of life in the community. If one were to take a survey of the whole country and make a study of the social workers--the men and the women who give freely of their time and of their money to make the world a better and happier place to live in--he would come to see that such service is a kind of service that grows out of the heart, and is the fruit of the kindly spirit which prompts the "good turn daily."

In doing the "good turn daily," then, one has abundant opportunity to do his part toward the social betterment of the community in which he lives. There are so many ways that one hardly knows what to write down as the most important, because all are important. It is not alone in big things, but in the little things as well, that the really great work is done.

The community--the town, the village, or the city in which one lives--has many problems to solve. The streets in the community are always interesting and one can do much in the streets to help keep them clean, attractive, and pleasing, as well as safe for the people and horses passing through. In a city where there is a large population the lives of the people are in greater danger at all times than in the country, and that is the reason why the city has to be so organized in its government that it can make special laws, or ordinances as they are called, for its own special protection against the dangers of city life. The policemen of a city, wherever stationed in the daytime or in the night time, are there to protect the lives and property of individuals, at street crossings, at public buildings, at theatres, in the parks, and on playgrounds; and it is the privilege as well as the duty of all citizens to help them in every way possible to do their work well.

In the "good turn daily," one may be able to help in more ways than one if he is on the lookout.

Tuesday, June 11, 2013

The Scout Badge

The scout badge is not intended to represent the fleur-de-lis, or an arrowhead. It is a modified form of the sign of the north on the mariner's compass, which is as old as the history of navigation. The Chinese claim its use among them as early as 2634 B. C., and we have definite information that it was used at sea by them as early as 300 A. D. Marco Polo brought the compass to Europe on his return from Cathay. The sign of the north on the compass gradually came to represent the north, and pioneers, trappers, woodsmen, and scouts, because of this, adopted it as their emblem. Through centuries of use it has undergone modification until it has now assumed the shape of our badge.

 This trefoil badge of the scouts is now used, with slight local variations, in almost every civilized country as the mark of brotherhood, for good citizenship, and friendliness.

Its scroll is turned up at the ends like a scout's mouth, because he does his duty with a smile and willingly.

The knot is to remind the scout to do a good turn to someone daily.

The arrowhead part is worn by the tenderfoot. The scroll part only is worn by the second-class scout.
The badge worn by the first-class scout is the whole badge.

The official badges of the Boy Scouts of America are issued by the National Council and may be secured only from the National Headquarters. These badges are protected by the U. S. Patent Laws (letters of patent numbers 41412 and 41532) and anyone infringing these patents is liable to prosecution at law.

In order to protect the Boy Scout Movement and those who have qualified to receive badges designating the various degrees in scoutcraft, it is desired that all interested cooperate with the National Headquarters in safeguarding the sale and distribution of these badges. This may be done by observing the following rules:

1. Badges should not be ordered until after boys have actually complied with the requirements prescribed by the National Council and are entitled to receive them.
2. All orders for badges should be sent in by the scout master with a certificate from the local council that these requirements have been complied with. Blanks for this purpose may be secured on application to the National Headquarters.

Where no local council has been formed, application for badges should be sent direct to Headquarters, signed by the registered scout master of the troop, giving his official number.
Scout commissioners', scout masters', and assistant scout masters' badges can be issued only to those who are registered as such at National Headquarters.
Tenderfoot Badge--Gilt metal.
Patrol Leader's Tenderfoot Badge--Oxidized silver finish.
These badges are seven eighths of an inch wide and are made either for the button-hole or with safety-pin clasp. Price 5 cents.
Second-Class Scout Badge--Gilt metal.
Patrol Leader's Second-Class Scout Badge--Oxidized silver.
These badges--safety-pin style--to be worn upon the sleeve. Price 10 cents.
First-Class Scout Badge--Gilt metal.
Patrol Leader's First-Class Scout Badge--Oxidized silver.
Both badges safety-pin style--to be worn upon the sleeve. Price 15 cents.
Scout Commissioner's, Scout Master's, and Assistant Scout Master's Arm Badges.
These badges are woven in blue, green, and red silk, and are to be worn on the sleeve of coat or shirt. Price 25 cents.

Friday, May 31, 2013

Taxidermy Merit Badge

To obtain a merit badge for Taxidermy a scout must:

1. Have a knowledge of the game laws of the state in which he lives.
2. Preserve and mount the skin of a game bird, or animal, killed in season.
3. Mount for a rug the pelt of some fur animal.

Thursday, May 30, 2013

Swimming Merit Badge

Swimming Merit Badge
To obtain a merit badge for Swimming a scout must:

1. Be able to swim one hundred yards.
2. Dive properly from the surface of the water.
3. Demonstrate breast, crawl, and side stroke.
4. Swim on the back fifty feet.

Wednesday, May 1, 2013

Public Health Merit Badge

Public Health Merit Badge
Public Health Merit Badge
To obtain a merit badge for Public Health a scout must:

1. State what the chief causes of each of the following disease are: tuberculosis, typhoid, malaria.
2. Draw a diagram showing how the house-fly carries disease.
3. Tell what should be done to a house which has been occupied by a person who has had a contagious disease.
4. Tell how a scout may cooperate with the board of health in preventing disease.
5. Describe the method used in his community in disposing of garbage.

6. Tell how a city should protect its foods; milk, meat, and exposed foods.
7. Tell how to plan the sanitary care of a camp.
8. State the reason why school children should undergo a medical examination.

Monday, April 29, 2013

The Scout Oath, Sign, and Salute

The Scout Sign
The Scout Sign
Before he becomes a scout a boy must promise:
On my honor I will do my best:
1. To do my duty to God and my country, and to obey the scout law;
2. To help other people at all times;
3. To keep myself physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight.

When taking this oath the scout will stand, holding up his right hand, palm to the front, thumb resting on the nail of the little finger and the other three fingers upright and together.
The Scout Sign
The above image shows the scout sign. The three fingers held up remind him of his three promises in the scout oath.
The Scout Salute
When the three fingers thus held are raised to the forehead, it is the scout salute. The scout always salutes an officer.

Sunday, April 28, 2013

Ice Rescue

To rescue a person who has broken through the ice you should first tie a rope around your body and have the other end tied, or held, on shore. Then secure a long board or a ladder or limb of a tree, crawl out on this, or push it out, so that the person in the water may reach it. If nothing can be found on which you can support your weight do not attempt to walk out toward the person to be rescued, but lie down flat on your face and crawl out, as by doing this much less weight bears at anyone point on the ice than in walking. If you yourself break through the ice remember that if you try to crawl up on the broken edge it will very likely break again with you. If rescuers are near, it would be much better to support yourself on the edge of the ice and wait for them to come to you.